# How to calculate blood pressure

Blood pressure is typically calculated through the use of the blood pressure monitor. This monitor has an inflatable cuff that wraps around your arms. The cuff is tightened and then pressure is slowly release to measure the blood pressure.

Alright, well what does this device measure and how does it calculate your blood pressure? Typically blood pressure monitors measure both the systolic and diastolic blood pressure in your arteries.

Systolic blood pressure measures the pressure in your blood when your heart beats.

Diastolic blood pressure, is measured when your heart is at rest, or in between beats.

From their these machines use the following formulas to calculate MAP (mean arterial pressure).

MAP = [Systolic blood pressure + ( 2* diastolic blood pressure)]/3

The reference range for this value is 70-100 mm Hg. (millimeters of mercury.)

## Blood Pressure Calculator

Calculate your mean arterial blood pressure. Enter the systolic and diastolic measure blood pressure values to calculate your MAP.

## MAP Calcualtor

The above calculator allows you to determine your MAP based on your systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Why is this an important number? Both of these values can be used to determine high blood pressure. High blood pressure is associated with a drastic increase in cardiovascular issues and disease. You want to keep your blood pressure as low as possible. Normal blood pressure ranges are 120/80 mmHg. Prehypertension is defined as 120/80-139/89 mmHg. High blood pressure is defined as 140/90 or more.

Because high blood pressure if associated with such a large risk for health concerns, it’s extremely important to keep it in a normal way. There are several ways you can do this.

## Reducing Blood Pressure

The first and most proven way you can reduce your blood pressure is through regular cardio vascular exercise. And if you think about it, it makes the most sense. Your heart is in charge of pumping your blood and the resulting blood pressure. Cardio vascular exercise trains the hearth. Therefore, having a stronger heart will reduce your blood pressure. It’s important to note that exercise that is not cardiovascular such as weight lifting will not help in this regard.

The next best way to reduce your blood pressure is through your diet. Eating a healthy serving or vegetables and reducing the amount of bad fats you take in can help clear your arteries.

The last way to reduce blood pressure is through medication. This should be the last resort and only taken if your doctor prescribes it. In general, taking a pill will be way less effective than any lifestyle change you make. That goes for almost anything, not just blood pressure. If the benefit does not come from hard work and discipline, the result is likely less permanent and potent.