Enter the projected claims ($) and the earned premiums ($) into the Calculator. The calculator will evaluate the Expected Loss Ratio. 

Expected Loss Ratio Formula



  • ELR is the Expected Loss Ratio ($/$)
  • PC is the projected claims ($)
  • EP is the earned premiums ($)

To calculate the Expected Loss Ratio, divide the projected claims by the earned premiums.

How to Calculate Expected Loss Ratio?

The following steps outline how to calculate the Expected Loss Ratio.

  1. First, determine the projected claims ($). 
  2. Next, determine the earned premiums ($). 
  3. Next, gather the formula from above = ELR = PC / EP.
  4. Finally, calculate the Expected Loss Ratio.
  5. After inserting the variables and calculating the result, check your answer with the calculator above.

Example Problem : 

Use the following variables as an example problem to test your knowledge.

projected claims ($) = 500

earned premiums ($) = 700

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the significance of the Expected Loss Ratio in the insurance industry?

The Expected Loss Ratio (ELR) is a critical metric in the insurance industry as it helps insurers assess the profitability of their policies. A lower ELR indicates that the insurer is making a profit, while a higher ELR suggests that claims are costing more than the premiums earned, potentially leading to losses.

How can improving the accuracy of projected claims benefit an insurer?

Improving the accuracy of projected claims can significantly benefit an insurer by enabling more precise pricing of insurance products, better financial planning, and reduced risk of unexpected losses. Accurate projections help in setting premiums that are competitive yet sufficient to cover claims and expenses.

Are there any external factors that can affect the Expected Loss Ratio?

Yes, several external factors can affect the ELR, including changes in legal regulations, economic fluctuations, natural disasters, and advancements in technology. These factors can influence the frequency and severity of claims, thereby impacting the ELR.

Can the Expected Loss Ratio be used to compare different insurance products or companies?

Yes, the ELR can be used as a benchmark to compare the performance of different insurance products or companies. However, it’s important to consider other factors such as coverage options, customer service, and financial stability of the insurer for a comprehensive comparison.