Numerical Aperture Calculator

Enter the index of refraction and the maximum half-angle of the cone of light that enters the lens to calculate the numerical aperture.

Numerical Aperture Formula

The formula for a numerical aperture is :

NA = n * sin (θ)

  • Where NA is the numerical aperture
  • n is the index of refraction
  • θ is the maximum half-angle of the cone of light that enters or exits the lens.

Numerical Aperture Definition

A numerical aperture is defined as a unitless and dimensionless number that describes the range of angles that a lens can emit or accepts lights.

Can numerical aperture be negative?

A numerical aperture can not be negative in the sense that an aperture cannot accept or emit a negative amount of light. If however, you want to describe emittance or acceptance using positive and negative than it could be.

Can a numerical aperture be greater than 1?

Yes, a numerical aperture can be greater than 1. This typically happens for lenses or substances that have a high index of refraction and a large half angle.

How can numerical aperture be increased?

There are two ways to increase a numerical aperture. First, the maximum angle of light that the lens can emit or accept can be increased. Second, the index of refraction can be increased by changing the material of the lens.

How does numerical aperture affect resolution?

A high numerical aperture will increase the resolution that a specific lens can visualize.

What does a high numerical aperture mean?

A high numerical aperture means that the lens of the device can visualize and project a very fine resolution.

How to calculate a numerical aperture?

To calculate a numerical aperture, first, calculate the index of refraction. Next, measure the maximum half-angle of the cone of light that the device can accept. Finally, using the formula NA = n * sin (θ), calculate the numerical aperture.

numerical aperture calculator
numerical aperture formula