## Rank and Nullity Calculator

Enter the rank and nullity of a matrix into the calculator to determine the total number of columns.

## Rank And Nullity Formula

The following formula is used to calculate the rank and nullity of a matrix.

Rank(A) + Nullity(A) = n

Variables:

- Rank(A) is the rank of matrix A Nullity(A) is the nullity of matrix A n is the total number of columns in matrix A

To calculate the rank and nullity of a matrix, first determine the rank of the matrix, which is the maximum number of linearly independent columns. Then, calculate the nullity of the matrix, which is the dimension of the null space or the number of free variables in the system. The sum of the rank and nullity of a matrix is equal to the total number of columns in the matrix.

## What is a Rank And Nullity?

Rank and nullity are concepts in linear algebra that describe certain properties of a linear transformation or a matrix. The rank of a matrix is the maximum number of linearly independent rows or columns in the matrix. It represents the dimension of the image or output of the transformation. The nullity of a matrix, on the other hand, is the dimension of the kernel or null space of the transformation, which is the set of all vectors that get mapped to the zero vector. The rank-nullity theorem states that the sum of the rank and the nullity of a matrix equals the number of its columns.

## How to Calculate Rank And Nullity?

The following steps outline how to calculate the Rank and Nullity using the formula: Rank(A) + Nullity(A) = n.

- First, determine the rank of matrix A (Rank(A)).
- Next, determine the nullity of matrix A (Nullity(A)).
- Next, determine the total number of columns in matrix A (n).
- Finally, use the formula Rank(A) + Nullity(A) = n to calculate the Rank and Nullity.
- After inserting the values and calculating the result, check your answer with the calculator above.

**Example Problem:**

Use the following variables as an example problem to test your knowledge:

Rank(A) = 3

Nullity(A) = 2

n = 5