Enter the forecasted budget and the actual eventual cost into the calculator to determine the budget variance. The calculator will display the absolute variance and the percentage variance.

- Labor Rate Variance Calculator
- Labor Efficiency Variance Calculator
- Price Variance Calculator (VMP)
- Cost Variance Calculator
- Earned Value Calculator
- Budget Percent Calculator

## Budget Variance Formula

The following formulas are used to calculate a budget variance.

BV = ( A-F/A )*100

AB = A - F

- Where B% is the budget percentage variance
- AB is the absolute variance
- A is the actual budget cost or actual outcome
- F was the forecasted budget

To calculate budget variance, simply subtract the forecasted budget from the actual budget.

## Budget Variance Definition

A budget variance is defined as either the percentage or absolute difference between a forecasted budget and the actual cost or budget that occurred.

Most often it makes sense to look at this in terms of a percentage. Then companies can analyze and compare the variance to other budgets.

## How to calculate budget variance?

**Example Problem #1**

In this first problem, we have a new startup company that is designing a new website for their online store.

First, the original budget is laid out. For this example, the budget was determined to be $50,000.00 for the creation of the online store.

Next, after the project is complete the actual cost is determined to be $75,000.00.

Finally, using the formula for budget variance, the variance can be calculated as

B% = 75,000-50,000/50,000 *100

= 50% budget variance

**Example Problem #2**

In this next example, a construction team is working on a new home to be built. The original budget laid out is $300,000.

After completion of the home and a few setbacks, the total cost comes out to $400,000.

The absolute budget variance is calculated by subtracting the cost from the forecasted budget

BV = $300,000 – $400,000 = -$100,000.00

The budget variance percentage can then be calculated as:

BV% = $100,000 / $300,000 * 100 = 33.3%