Enter the total sound level in decibels and the total exposure time into the calculator to determine the total weight average (TWA) noise exposure.

## TWA Formula

The following formula is used to calculate the total weight average noise exposure.

TWA = 16.61 * log10* (D/100) + 90

D = 100 * (C / ( 2 ^ ( L-90)/5 ) )

• Where TWA is the total weight average noise exposure rating
• C is the total time of exposure
• L is the total A-weight sound level (decibels)

* Note this calculation assumes the sound level is constant for the entire duration of the day.

## TWA (Sound) Definition

TWA, also known as Time-Weighted Average, refers to a measurement used in occupational health and safety to assess the noise exposure level over a specific period. It serves as a means to quantify and evaluate the potentially harmful effects of noise on individuals in various work environments.

TWA is a crucial metric as it enables organizations to ensure the well-being and safety of their employees.

Excessive exposure to loud noise can have detrimental health consequences, including hearing loss and other auditory disorders.

By measuring TWA, companies can determine the average noise level workers are exposed to during their shifts and then compare it against permissible exposure limits set by regulatory bodies to maintain a safe working environment.

## Example Problem

How to calculate TWA?

1. First, determine the total time of exposure.

For this example, we will use a standard 8-hour workday as the time exposure.

2. Next, determine the A-weighted sound level.

For this problem, the A-weighted sound level is found to be 82 decibels.

3. Finally, calculate the TWA.

Using the formula above, the TWA is calculated to be:
TWA = 16.61 * log(10) * (D/100) + 90
D = 100 * (8 / ( 2 ^ ( 82-90)/5 ) )
TWA = 113

## FAQ

What is the significance of measuring TWA in occupational health and safety?
Measuring TWA (Time-Weighted Average) is crucial in occupational health and safety as it helps assess the noise exposure level over a specific period. This measurement allows organizations to evaluate and mitigate the potentially harmful effects of noise on employees, ensuring their well-being and compliance with regulatory exposure limits.

Can TWA measurements be used for varying sound levels throughout the day?
The standard TWA calculation assumes that the sound level is constant throughout the exposure duration. However, for varying sound levels, adjustments can be made to the calculation to account for the varying decibel levels at different times, providing a more accurate representation of the average noise exposure.

How do regulatory bodies use TWA to set exposure limits?
Regulatory bodies use TWA to set permissible exposure limits by determining the maximum average noise level to which an employee can be exposed during their work shift without incurring significant hearing damage. These limits are based on research and data on the impact of noise on hearing health, aiming to maintain a safe working environment.