Enter the GPM (gallons per minute) and the velocity of the flow (ft/min) into the calculator to determine the pipe size.
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GPM to Pipe Size Formula
The following formula is used to convert GPM to pipe size, in this case, a diameter.
- Where D is the diameter of the pipe (ft)
- GPM is the flow rate through the pipe (gallons per minute)
- V is the velocity of the flow (ft/minute)
GPM to Pipe Size Definition
Converting a GPM to pipe size is done using the formula Q=V*A, where Q is the volumetric flow rate (GPM), V is the velocity, and A is the cross-sectional area.
In this case, we know Q and V, but not the area (aka pipe size). Solving for the area we get a formula of A= Q/V. Substituting area with the formula of the area circle and solving for D we get the formula above.
How to calculate Pipe Size from GPM?
First, determine the volumetric flow rate of the fluid through the pipe. In this case, we want the flow rate to be in gallons per minute. After measuring we determine the flow rate to be 40 gallons per minute.
Next, convert the flow rate into feet cubed (ft^3) per minute. This is so the units match up with the area in the next step. To do this, divide 40 by 7.481
= 40 / 7.415 = 5.3944 ft^3/min
Next, determine the linear velocity of the fluid. Measuring the flow yields a velocity of 4 ft/min.
Finally, calculate the pipe diameter using the formula above:
Similarly, the cross-sectional area can be calculated as:
A = Q/V
= 1.336 ft^2