Enter the total voltage and the watt-hours of a battery into the calculator to determine the battery capacity, also known as amp hours.
What is an Amp Hour?
An amp hour is a unit of measure used to describe the amount of electric current in a battery multiplied by the units of time. In other words is a simple metric used to describe how much energy also known as, capacity, of a battery.
The total energy stored in a battery is also often calculated using watt-hours or kilowatt-hours, for larger applications like car batteries. In short, watt-hours an amp-hours are similar units used to described the same thing. The amount of energy in a battery.
Battery Capacity Formula
The following formula us used to calculate a battery capacity in amp-hours:
E = V * Q
- Where E is the energy stored in the batter in watt-hours
- V is the voltage of the battery
- and Q is the capacity
Re-arranging this equation and we find that,
Q = E/V
Which is the formula used by the calculator above to determine amp hours.
How to calculate the amp hour capacity of a batter
The following example is a step by step guide on how to calculate the capacity of a battery in amp hours.
- The first step to solving this problem is to analyze the equation E = V * Q to see which variables we need to solve for capacity. Since Q is capacity in amp-hours, then we need to find both the energy store E, and the voltage, V.
- The next step is to determine the total energy stored in the battery. This unit is usually measured in watt-hours and if often provided as published data by the battery maker. (or car if you are talking electric cars.) For this example we will assume this value to be 1000 watt-hours.
- Next, you must determine the total voltage of the energy stored or emitted from the batter. This is also typically published data, and most often is around 120 Volts, so we will use that value as an example in this problem
- The final step is to plug this information into the formula above, so Q = E/V = 1000/120 = 8.333 amp hours.
- Analyze the results and apply learning to future problems.