Enter the compressive force (N) and the total area (m^2) into the Calculator. The calculator will evaluate the Compressive Strength. 

Compressive Strength Formula

CS = CF / A


  • CS is the Compressive Strength (N/m^2)
  • CF is the compressive force (N)
  • A is the total area (m^2)

To calculate Compressive Strength, divide the compressive force by the total area.

How to Calculate Compressive Strength?

The following steps outline how to calculate the Compressive Strength.

  1. First, determine the compressive force (N). 
  2. Next, determine the total area (m^2). 
  3. Next, gather the formula from above = CS = CF / A.
  4. Finally, calculate the Compressive Strength.
  5. After inserting the variables and calculating the result, check your answer with the calculator above.

Example Problem : 

Use the following variables as an example problem to test your knowledge.

compressive force (N) = 1000

total area (m^2) = 3

FAQ Section

What is the difference between compressive strength and tensile strength?

Compressive strength measures the capacity of a material to withstand loads that tend to reduce its size, whereas tensile strength refers to the material’s ability to withstand loads that attempt to elongate it. In essence, compressive strength is the resistance to being squished, while tensile strength is the resistance to being stretched.

How does the shape and size of the material affect its compressive strength?

The shape and size of a material can significantly impact its compressive strength due to factors like stress concentration, load distribution, and the material’s inherent structural properties. For example, longer columns are more prone to buckling under the same load compared to shorter ones, which affects their effective compressive strength.

Can compressive strength be increased? If so, how?

Yes, compressive strength can be increased through various methods, including material compaction, addition of reinforcing fibers or materials, curing processes (in the case of concrete), and altering the material composition to enhance its inherent properties.

Why is compressive strength important in construction and engineering?

Compressive strength is crucial in construction and engineering because it determines the load-bearing capacity of materials used in structures such as buildings, bridges, and roads. It helps engineers and architects to design structures that can withstand the expected loads during their lifespan without failure, ensuring safety and durability.