Enter the final volume, desired concentration, and stock concentration into the calculator below to determine the total volume of stock concentration needed to dilute your substance to your desired amount.

- Molality Calculator
- Mole Fraction Calculator
- PPM Calculator
- Dilution Factor Calculator (Dilutant to Stock Ratio)

## Dilution Formula

This calculator used the following formula to calculate the volume that needs to be added.

M_{1}V_{1} = M_{2}V_{2}

- Where M1 is initial molarity
- V1 is the initial volume
- M2 is the final molarity
- V2 is the final volume

## Dilution Defintion

Dilution is the process of a substance, typically a liquid, becoming less prevalent relative to other substances on the same solution.

## How to calculate dilution?

How to calculate a dilution

**FIrst, determine the initial molarity and initial volume.**This is the initial molarity and volume of the solution at time = 0.

**Next, determine the final volume**This will be the final Volume of the solution after a certain time where another solution or base has been added to the solution.

**Calculate the final molarity**Molarity and Volume are directly proportional. With 3 variables the 4th can be calculated.

## FAQ

**What is a dilution?**

A dilution is a term used in chemistry to describe the process of one substance becoming more or less prevalent within a given volume.