Calculate the total portion of a companies profit that is allocated to 1 share held by the company shareholders. Enter the net income, dividends, and total shares owned and this earnings per share calculator will determine the EPS.
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Earning Per Share Formula
The following formula is used to calculate the earnings per share or EPS.
EPS = (net income – dividends on preferred stock) / outstanding common shares
- Where EPS is earning per share
- Net income is the total profit of the company (not total revenue)
- Dividends are only on preffered stocks
- Outstanding common shares is the current or average number
This EPS formula is only used when calculating the EPS of common stocks. As noted in the equation above, preferred stocks play by a different set of rules. Preferred stocks receive dividends that common stocks do not. These dividends are taken directly from the profit of the company.
Earnings Per Share Definition
Earnings per share, or EPS for short, is the total income after dividends per common stock.
How to calculate EPS
Below is an example of how you might calculate EPS on a given stock.
First, we need to determine the net income or total profit of the company. This is done by subtracting the total costs from the total revenue. Let’s assume for this example the company has a total profit of $1,000,000.00.
Next, we need to calculate the dividends on the preferred stock. This is typically a percentage of the total profit. For this example, we will assume 5% dividends, which would give us $50,000.
Finally, we need to calculate the total number of outstanding common shares and plug our numbers into the equation. We will assume 50,000 shares.
$1,000,000-$50,000/50,000 = $19.00 EPS
EPS stands for earnings per share and is a measure of the earnings per individual stock.