Enter the semi-major axis of the orbit, mass of the satellite, and mass of the central object to determine the orbital period.

## Orbital Period Formula

The following formula is used to calculate the orbital period.

p = SQRT [ (4*pi*r^3)/G*(M) ]

- Where p is the orbital period
- r is the distance between objects
- G is the gravitational constant
- M is the mass of the central object

In the original equation, the mass of the satellite is included as well, but it’s so much smaller than the central object that it’s negligible and can be ignored.

## FAQ

**What is an orbital period?**

An orbital period is a measure of time it takes a smaller body to orbit around another object.

**What about the orbital of an ellipse?**

In the case of an ellipse, simply replace the radius between objects with the average of the major and minor axis of orbit.

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