Enter the total width of the wall and the width of each picture into the calculator to determine the picture spacing.

Picture Spacing Formula

The following formula is used to calculate the picture spacing for a wall:

S = (W - (N * P)) / (N + 1)


  • S is the picture spacing
  • W is the total width of the wall
  • N is the total number of pictures
  • P is the width of each picture

To calculate the picture spacing, subtract the total width of all the pictures from the total width of the wall. Then divide the result by the sum of the total number of pictures plus 1.

What is a Picture Spacing?

Picture spacing refers to the distance or gap between multiple images or elements in a design or layout. This is a crucial aspect of graphic design and photography as it affects the overall aesthetic and balance of the visual presentation. Proper picture spacing can enhance the viewer’s ability to distinguish and appreciate each individual image, while also guiding their eye movement across the entire layout. It can also help to create a sense of harmony, rhythm, and unity among the images. Conversely, improper picture spacing can result in a cluttered or disjointed appearance. The appropriate amount of picture spacing can vary depending on factors such as the size and number of images, the intended message or mood, and the specific medium or platform.

How to Calculate Picture Spacing?

The following steps outline how to calculate the Picture Spacing.

  1. First, determine the total length of the picture wall (in inches).
  2. Next, determine the number of pictures on the wall.
  3. Next, divide the total length of the picture wall by the number of pictures to get the average spacing.
  4. Finally, calculate the Picture Spacing.
  5. After inserting the variables and calculating the result, check your answer by measuring the actual spacing between the pictures on the wall.

Example Problem : 

Use the following variables as an example problem to test your knowledge.

Total length of the picture wall (in inches) = 120

Number of pictures on the wall = 6