Enter the total power consumption per day, number of backup days required, maximum depth of discharge, and voltage into the calculator to determine the solar battery bank size.
Solar Battery Bank Size Formula
The following formula can be used to calculate the size of a battery pack for a solar installation.
BB = P * D * DI/100 / V
- Where BB is the battery bank size (amp hours)
- P is the power consumption per day (Wh)
- D is the number of days backup required
- DI is the maximum depth of discharge (%)
- V is the voltage (V)
The following is an example problem on how to calculate the battery bank size.
- First, determine the power consumption per day in watt hours. For this example we will say 5,000 watt hours.
- Next, determine the required backup days. Let’s assume 2 days of backup.
- Next, determine the maximum depth of discharge and voltage. For this we will say 90% and 250 volts.
- Finally, calculate the battery bank size using the formula and we get 36 amp hours.
How large your battery pack needs to be for your solar installation is dependent on two main factors. Your power consumption per day and your needed days of power. The other factors are much smaller when determining battery size. In general, most shoot for 2-3 days of power backup.
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